How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

  Үзсэн тоо 3,341,632

SmarterEveryDay

14 өдрийн өмнө

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay 13 өдрийн өмнө
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Javic167
Javic167 6 цагийн өмнө
I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.
Leo
Leo Өдрийн өмнө
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
Elizabeth Cullum Hart 2 өдрийн өмнө
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg 3 өдрийн өмнө
What if it goes boom
Daye Jung
Daye Jung 4 өдрийн өмнө
Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.
Matt Black
Matt Black 15 минутын өмнө
So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.
Isaac Woo
Isaac Woo 48 минутын өмнө
ok wellllllllll what about space
Grimes Elianna
Grimes Elianna Цагийн өмнө
The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr
stellarfirefly
stellarfirefly Цагийн өмнө
Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.
Russell K
Russell K 2 цагийн өмнө
this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet
Andrew Zeitler
Andrew Zeitler 3 цагийн өмнө
The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub
Don K. Johnson
Don K. Johnson 4 цагийн өмнө
Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on MNpost. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.
Dimas Fajar Nugroho
Dimas Fajar Nugroho 4 цагийн өмнө
Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish
Abrad85
Abrad85 5 цагийн өмнө
I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.
lmw lmw
lmw lmw 5 цагийн өмнө
Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.
RB
RB 5 цагийн өмнө
Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks
The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk
The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk 6 цагийн өмнө
Fan-tastic
SUNSEA5
SUNSEA5 6 цагийн өмнө
Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.
Meh
Meh 8 цагийн өмнө
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos 8 цагийн өмнө
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams 8 цагийн өмнө
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola 10 цагийн өмнө
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell 10 цагийн өмнө
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne 10 цагийн өмнө
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen 11 цагийн өмнө
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket 12 цагийн өмнө
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 13 цагийн өмнө
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen 14 цагийн өмнө
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 14 цагийн өмнө
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA 14 цагийн өмнө
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan 14 цагийн өмнө
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash 15 цагийн өмнө
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames 15 цагийн өмнө
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames 11 цагийн өмнө
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 16 цагийн өмнө
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Juan Gabriel Falcon 16 цагийн өмнө
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk 17 цагийн өмнө
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard 18 цагийн өмнө
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 10 цагийн өмнө
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard 10 цагийн өмнө
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
People.
wabs05
wabs05 20 цагийн өмнө
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person 20 цагийн өмнө
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
Andrew Murray 21 цагийн өмнө
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho 21 цагийн өмнө
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda 21 цагийн өмнө
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda 22 цагийн өмнө
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. MNpost never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S 23 цагийн өмнө
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain Өдрийн өмнө
The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian
Joe D
Joe D Өдрийн өмнө
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
Fenrir Nobody Өдрийн өмнө
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
Sniperbuddy Dex Өдрийн өмнө
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc Өдрийн өмнө
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc Өдрийн өмнө
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 10 цагийн өмнө
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc 11 цагийн өмнө
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox Өдрийн өмнө
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
Dalton Cloninger Өдрийн өмнө
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F Өдрийн өмнө
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
Open your eyes
Open your eyes Өдрийн өмнө
4:40 the dude in the back lol
Bryan Overton
Bryan Overton Өдрийн өмнө
"We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.
scubaseppy
scubaseppy Өдрийн өмнө
Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?
Tom Liu
Tom Liu Өдрийн өмнө
Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )
Nate
Nate Өдрийн өмнө
Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.
Bath Minchew
Bath Minchew Өдрийн өмнө
The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears
Jacob DeBerry
Jacob DeBerry Өдрийн өмнө
Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?
Wild Mountain Gwendy
Wild Mountain Gwendy Өдрийн өмнө
Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.
Jason Garfitt
Jason Garfitt Өдрийн өмнө
This is a great video
Trevor Johnston
Trevor Johnston Өдрийн өмнө
Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,
Mr. Gherkin
Mr. Gherkin Өдрийн өмнө
O x y g e n
John Springart
John Springart Өдрийн өмнө
Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!
Michael Lederman
Michael Lederman Өдрийн өмнө
About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.
Timothy Jeffiers
Timothy Jeffiers Өдрийн өмнө
Cool stuff
David Nielsen
David Nielsen Өдрийн өмнө
first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty
Muscle Head
Muscle Head Өдрийн өмнө
The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris
SlipKnighT09
SlipKnighT09 Өдрийн өмнө
Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air
Test Test
Test Test Өдрийн өмнө
"So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.
siren synapse
siren synapse Өдрийн өмнө
Only God can make oxygen, beotch.
Daniel Curtis
Daniel Curtis Өдрийн өмнө
I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...
Dan Ostrom
Dan Ostrom Өдрийн өмнө
so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
Out with the garbage.
Willywamo
Willywamo Өдрийн өмнө
Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air
Noah Manji
Noah Manji Өдрийн өмнө
No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant
Samuel Lipscomb
Samuel Lipscomb Өдрийн өмнө
Thank you.
budgiefriend
budgiefriend Өдрийн өмнө
How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)
Johan Faas
Johan Faas Өдрийн өмнө
The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....
Drunk Astronaut
Drunk Astronaut Өдрийн өмнө
Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”
Chris Hayes
Chris Hayes Өдрийн өмнө
Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?
sffsd sfsf
sffsd sfsf Өдрийн өмнө
The illustrious clover immunophenotypically grease because bean interestedly complain with a broken fish. female fertile, interesting diploma
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Өдрийн өмнө
He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio
Darth Vaper
Darth Vaper Өдрийн өмнө
I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented
Ptao Tom
Ptao Tom Өдрийн өмнө
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
kuddi B
kuddi B Өдрийн өмнө
Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂
Noname Lolnonono
Noname Lolnonono Өдрийн өмнө
Because they make there own 😂😂
Ryan Krystowski
Ryan Krystowski Өдрийн өмнө
This channel makes me smarter...every day!
jackvonpit the last
jackvonpit the last Өдрийн өмнө
This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Өдрийн өмнө
I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Өдрийн өмнө
Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.
Hazy Skies
Hazy Skies Өдрийн өмнө
Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/
Riadul Islam
Riadul Islam Өдрийн өмнө
Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?
Alex Fox
Alex Fox Өдрийн өмнө
use the oxygen candle for deep diving!
Alex Fox
Alex Fox Өдрийн өмнө
Devin keeps using all the oxygen!
MrAnthism
MrAnthism Өдрийн өмнө
No windows? Not a job for me!!!
Poop Smith
Poop Smith Өдрийн өмнө
Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.
Marco Badici
Marco Badici Өдрийн өмнө
Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"
Clasmir
Clasmir 2 өдрийн өмнө
You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol
Flowmasta Flam
Flowmasta Flam 2 өдрийн өмнө
sure, sniff away.
Marc C
Marc C 2 өдрийн өмнө
i feel like every crew is a scientist lol
Leonidas
Leonidas 2 өдрийн өмнө
Honestly the guy who is explaining the oxygen levels ( 2:50 ) on the ship is a terrible teacher. Why couldn’t an officer or even a nco explain this? Anyways, awesome video.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. 11 цагийн өмнө
He’s an NCO, or as we call them in the Navy, a Petty Officer. He’s an E5, and seemed to know what he’s talking about.
j abe
j abe 2 өдрийн өмнө
Plug.. Hole😂😂😂
Jacob Ellinger
Jacob Ellinger 2 өдрийн өмнө
this might be a weird question but do subs have procedures for bed bug infestations and also what preventative measures do they have in place?
Nikola Stanisic
Nikola Stanisic 2 өдрийн өмнө
- It can monitor our atmosphere, oxygen... - So it is in the middle of the boat? - y..yes *taking notes in russian*
James Null
James Null 2 өдрийн өмнө
So very informative!!! Thank you for posting this video. 🇺🇸
Jade Mills
Jade Mills 2 өдрийн өмнө
Are you kidding ME! Princince is the best little Lab ever!
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