How To Speak by Patrick Winston

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MIT OpenCourseWare

Жилийн өмнө

MIT How to Speak, IAP 2018
Instructor: Patrick Winston
View the complete course:
Patrick Winston's How to Speak talk has been an MIT tradition for over 40 years. Offered every January, the talk is intended to improve your speaking ability in critical situations by teaching you a few heuristic rules.
00:16 - Introduction
03:11 - Rules of Engagement
04:15 - How to Start
05:38 - Four Sample Heuristics
10:17 - The Tools: Time and Place
13:24 - The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides
36:30 - Informing: Promise, Inspiration, How To Think
41:30 - Persuading: Oral Exams, Job Talks, Getting Famous
53:06 - How to Stop: Final Slide, Final Words
56:35 - Final Words: Joke, Thank You, Examples
License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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MIT OpenCourseWare
MIT OpenCourseWare Жилийн өмнө
For more on the life and work of Professor Winston (1943-2019), visit
Ian Smith
Ian Smith 22 өдрийн өмнө
@Andrew_koala I have a serious question for you, do you offer mentorship?
bydezine1 23 өдрийн өмнө
@Ian Smith I
joseph bvr
joseph bvr Сарын өмнө
@Alvin Fuller yet they invested so much into it. Wait, maybe it's apart of it. Maybe 5g is Corona
joseph bvr
joseph bvr Сарын өмнө
@Pink Lady oh bs
Kenny Tomaszewski
Kenny Tomaszewski Сарын өмнө
Rip.. thank you for your great services to humanity.
John Doe
John Doe 4 цагийн өмнө
Close your laptops. And if you didn't bring a pen and paper in addition to your laptop, it's your own fault for being born after 1980.
Zack Grey
Zack Grey 4 цагийн өмнө
What a beautiful lecture! I just wish there was something like this for studying/learning. Sorry to hear he passed, I leave my respects.
Caleb M
Caleb M 7 цагийн өмнө
He's one of those people who radiates such a chaotic energy. He makes a joke and people laugh but he's completely straightfaced like you don't know whether it's okay to laugh or not.
Linda M
Linda M Өдрийн өмнө
Listen to Terence Mckenna talks for examples of a truly talented communicator. I try and copy his pacing and diction, but cannot match match his quick mind!
Sem डेव ᚸ 葛络思
Sem डेव ᚸ 葛络思 Өдрийн өмнө
henrycastle1 Өдрийн өмнө
❤️ Patrick and Mit. A bridge to Modern Contemporary,Post Modern Art life here in Oxfordshire England Thank you 💯%
Gemini Jake
Gemini Jake Өдрийн өмнө
Supplement this with “How To Listen To Boring Speakers” - and were in business
Danillo Gaspar
Danillo Gaspar Өдрийн өмнө
That guy in the front audience looks like Steve Jobs
Prathamesh Chougule
Prathamesh Chougule Өдрийн өмнө
Ines Prince
Ines Prince Өдрийн өмнө
Bankrupt Americans with science degrees can watch mit. Who knew.
Zhenyu Cao
Zhenyu Cao 2 өдрийн өмнө
Successful College Students Communication The Quality of Speaking The Quality of Writing The Quality of Ideas Function: How much knowledge do you have? Rank 1 How much practice to master a skill? Rank 2 How much talent do you have? Rank 3 A. Before We Start Switch off your laptop and mobile phone Focus on the communication and Thinking B. The Quality of Speaking How to Start Not recommend for joke Listeners are ready for the communication Give Promise What we are going to learn (understand)? Samples Deep in Cycles Repeat the essentials Build a Fence Don't make them feel confuse Let listeners focus on your idea Verbal Punctuation Landmark on your essentials Provide Numbers or Graphs Ask a Question Time and Place Well Fit Populated D. Boards Graphic Quality Speed Property Easy to absorb knowledge Target Appearance Eye Contact Use hands to draw attentions Note Style Don't use laser pen G. Persuading, Job Talks, and Getting Famous Why some people failed in persuading Situation Research contents Time Place Feel Practices If problem doesn't make you cry, the practice doesn't have value. Job Talks 5 Minutes What are the visions Problem Approach Structures Symbolic Creation Describe your results Break in different steps Get Famous 1. Symbols 2. Slogan 3. Surprise 4. Salient 5. Story How to Stop Motivation Don't say thank you F. Informing Give Promise: solution to problem Inspiration Give audience passion You must love your work How to Think (in Education) Core: Storytelling Provide stories they need to know Discussions and Questions Analysis and Structuring Put everything together Evaluate the reliability of the stories and structures E. Props More chalk, Less PPT Slides Guide thinking Empathetic Design PPT Slides Design Clean Background Get Rid of Words Remove Logos Remove Title Describe your title and content 40-50 Font Size Reduce the number of ppt
M.S.G 2 өдрийн өмнө
Gets off to a bad start by saying that the gymnast wasn't as good as him at skiing because she only had the talent. But her talent was for gymnastics not skiing.
Grandfather_Din_Racket 2 өдрийн өмнө
This is an amazing work. Hope he cryonically preserved ("cryo-suspended") himself, like Minsky did. I'd love to talk with him in the future.
Git Man
Git Man 2 өдрийн өмнө
That is one bigass blackboard
Could anyone from MIT say whether other courses are delivered with the same rule of engagement in their university, and what their views are on this? Lastly, if you are a student, regardless of your affiliation, can you find any sound arguments against this particular rule of engagement in the context of university lectures?
@MIT OpenCourseWare Thank you for your reply.
MIT OpenCourseWare
MIT OpenCourseWare Өдрийн өмнө
We can say that there are a few instructors that feel the same way. On a quick search, we have at least 3 other courses (that are not Patrick Winston courses) that have no laptops/cellphones rules listed in their syllabus.
Rob San
Rob San 3 өдрийн өмнө
Dont forget to end by saying "please clap"
Jion Dieaux
Jion Dieaux 3 өдрийн өмнө
I misread the title. I thought it read, "How to Squeak By Patrick Winston." Why do I need to squeak by this guy?
Overdrive 3 өдрийн өмнө
yo thanks i know how to talk words now
Ankit Srivastava
Ankit Srivastava 3 өдрийн өмнө
Amazing. So glad MNpost recommended this to me.
Janice Chiaretto
Janice Chiaretto 3 өдрийн өмнө
It would have been wonderful to have him update or comment on slide presentations in the Zoom era. Or perhaps there is no difference. This advice is pretty timeless.
PRASHANT BARASKAR 1 4 өдрийн өмнө
Pro tip : don't start talk with a joke, always start with sex.
Crazy Sounds
Crazy Sounds 4 өдрийн өмнө
If you read this, doesn't matter where you are right now on this planet, I wish you a wonderful night and a happy peaceful life where all your dreams become true. 🙌❤
Nori Marshall
Nori Marshall 4 өдрийн өмнө
The immense ketchup unexplainably fax because claus neurochemically disapprove aboard a fragile minibus. guttural H habitual, scintillating restaurant
Mouin Mcharrafieh
Mouin Mcharrafieh 4 өдрийн өмнө
Thank Youuuu soooo enjoyaaaable
7thSon 5 өдрийн өмнө
This is an awesome video!! Maybe a half a day in the sound editing lab, it would even be more awesomer-er!! I believe in the "empathetic mirroring" and someone should edit this, especially in respects to Sir Winston. This talk reassured me of the ways I communicate in the social world. face to face, that is. Its what I would do to honor him.
Liam McLaughlin
Liam McLaughlin 5 өдрийн өмнө
God - the guy is boring.
mkd1r 5 өдрийн өмнө
Why are 90% of MIT students from Asia or middle east?
nassima benkedadra
nassima benkedadra 5 өдрийн өмнө
I just created a new playlist to save this video, so that I can quickly find it. it's a first.
seqingnicole 5 өдрийн өмнө
i thought this was aimed at new parents
adi 6 өдрийн өмнө
what is he mumbling i cant understand a word he says
Anshul kurmi
Anshul kurmi 7 өдрийн өмнө
physics of speaking!!
Information Information
Information Information 7 өдрийн өмнө
I'm truly sick of being recommended this.
Amad Os
Amad Os 7 өдрийн өмнө
Thanks Prof. Patrick Very inspiring lecture.
Restaurant Gear
Restaurant Gear 9 өдрийн өмнө
Varese 9 өдрийн өмнө
I found out that this video was released a couple of months after his death :( 75 is just too early
Gabi 10 өдрийн өмнө
Thank you
القيصر الكبير
القيصر الكبير 10 өдрийн өмнө
This Prof used to be a gangstaa , when he went to give an example it was about robbing a bank
Gábor Králik
Gábor Králik 13 өдрийн өмнө
The title shouldn't be "How To Speak" but "How To Give Talks".
Brian A
Brian A 14 өдрийн өмнө
Thank You
Jonathan Poston
Jonathan Poston 16 өдрийн өмнө
awesome video... im not a very good student. i cant believe i sit through the video/lecture without clicking on something else or alt-tab to my video game. when i watched this video for the first time i felt like i was there in that lecture hall back in college again. and unlike most of my previous college professors, he kept me interested and i listened. the way and how he talked made it difficult not to want to listen (for me at least). most professors cant keep me interested more than a few mins. i watched this entire video twice and shared it lots of people (please do the same). /salute to u phw. learning = time very well spent
Christophe Braun
Christophe Braun 16 өдрийн өмнө
Teaches how to make good looking powerpoint slides, by not adding much text and reducing superficial things like titles or bulletpoints. Also showing an example of last slide, full of text, with a title & bulletpoints
Dr omar Khaled
Dr omar Khaled 18 өдрийн өмнө
Mohammad Ashar Khan
Mohammad Ashar Khan 21 өдрийн өмнө
I have been taught by an MIT professor on how to speak. Now I won't keep quiet.
Y A S A R _ A N A B I L
Y A S A R _ A N A B I L 21 өдрийн өмнө
Lack of resources is not an excuse for not learning anymore
polfosol 23 өдрийн өмнө
After watching this, I googled prof. Winston because I haven't heard of him. And when I learned that he has passed away, my eyes became wet. I literally cried :((
Patrick Kievit
Patrick Kievit 23 өдрийн өмнө
Great lecture, stumbled on it and finished watching it while reflecting on my own crimes.
shus yishu
shus yishu 25 өдрийн өмнө
#speaking isn't the only thing about communication and some people like to think of themselves as speakers and listeners both but just because you're integrated doesn't necessarily mean you're good at it so or just because you're very loud and and and you know exciting business and make you good at both people very bad at listening but good at speaking but I mean are you there it's kind of a middle where basically to be sure to have that ability to survive in any circumstance basically kind of thing going on so your communication level is kind of to the point and you it's like whatever physical thing that you got to get done you got to get that done so the metaphysical better eat I guess listen to or spoken to so I find it when I was in college I couldn't remember two people I really liked it and both turned me down but not them turn me down it was me trying to get their attention you know there is a girl and I see her sometimes and I get married cuz you go straight to your classes and stuff and I guess I didn't want to get stuck with it I asked her I tried to get someone to ask her like come here and I was like hey would you like to be in a video basically you don't have to show your face it's just your hands and your feet that's what I want to get for your legs I want to get your leg or something like that very low body that's all I really needed and then I was going to ask for like I like you and everything and come to me and talk I was going to do kidnap her cuz he was like well I don't know you to the people and I don't know if you know I was like on a day of going I said are you still on and I didn't get the I think maybe I would be like maybe I'll go but I probably won't say nothing to The matrix Revelations just see about myself but I guess it has to do with Jimmy speaking hesitations so if you're going to see if I can say that there is nothing else when it comes to communication I
Matheus Galvão
Matheus Galvão 25 өдрийн өмнө
He is defining Steve Jobs quite well
Joe Dutra
Joe Dutra 25 өдрийн өмнө
Always start a talk by enhancing the listening environment.
Soumya R Mishra
Soumya R Mishra 25 өдрийн өмнө
Salute to you Mr. Professor
Shrthnd 25 өдрийн өмнө
*finishes speech on why not to have laptop and phones out* lady at 4:10: *hold on lemme check my phone real quick*
Antonio Spoleto
Antonio Spoleto 26 өдрийн өмнө
Such a brilliant and skilled human being. Enjoyed the content
Trishul Mody
Trishul Mody 27 өдрийн өмнө
bd C
bd C 29 өдрийн өмнө
Fantastic. In March 2020, I did a presentation on the development of music and dance in 20th Century Cuba. The time slot was 15 minutes. Moreover, the presentation was to be delivered in the French language. I was not a native speaker, was unable to play a musical instrument and had never taken a music appreciation course. All I had to do was make it interesting and get the audience to participate. Two hours of preparation went into every minute of presentation. A story line was created. People are visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The props were designed to engage all three ways of viewing the world. An overall video was created. The first video snippet was of the oldest dance and it was stopped in the middle. The audience was invited to see the frames of the dancers, a characteristic of the footwork, hear the rhythm and imagine the cultural situation. The Spanish had forbidden the playing of drums. Then the video would be restarted. Now the audience participated using their eyes and ears. So how did the dance change when the culture changed and you could play drums in public? How did the music change? Public dance was no longer restricted to the monied class. Everyone in the audience was now tuned in to look for reasons why the dance and the music evolved. By the end, the audience was up and dancing.
Oleksiy Shepotko
Oleksiy Shepotko 29 өдрийн өмнө
Good instruction. Just plese do not draw an INVERTED Winston star (i.e. Devil's star) like Patrick did in this video at 50.18. Hope it was not intentional. To add about the hands in the pockets / behind your back while speaking in public - this has nothing to do with a weapon concealing assumption. Hands in the pocket mean that a presenter is an arrogant, overconfident, having no work ethic and manners (which is slightly insulting), and incapable to use jestures correctly. You can do anything at home but not during formal public speech / presentation. Hands behind a teacher's back look like the teacher is an old man with a back pain walking in prison in prison robe. This looks simply miserable.
Дмитрий Владимирович
Дмитрий Владимирович Сарын өмнө
Your phones and computers are disrespectful to the teacher...So sorry he go...
Garth Clark
Garth Clark Сарын өмнө
There's thousands of daily news media companies who need to note of this information. There are way too many public news reporters and anchors who can't speak correctly. Many of them have speech impediments that never got dealt with when they were youngsters. Then we have small minds in media who give them the anchor job of public speaking every day.
Chris Beni
Chris Beni Сарын өмнө
students at m.i.t who spend hundred of thousands and dollars seeing some of there classes put on online for free 👁👄👁
John Bedson
John Bedson Сарын өмнө
When he rudely told everyone to close their laptops and put down their phones at the start of his talk, everyone in the room should have walked out in protest. I stopped watching his video, wrote this comment and left. I've no idea what he said after that and I don't want to know. No matter how good your talk, if you can't treat your audience with respect you are not worth listening to.
rahul kumar
rahul kumar Сарын өмнө
पिलर वेल्डिंग अमेरिका दिया है
Simon Gardner
Simon Gardner Сарын өмнө
wonderful talk thank you
Jack Сарын өмнө
I came in learning how to speak, and i walked out learning how to talk. I got scammed
veni vidi vici32 Stuart
veni vidi vici32 Stuart Сарын өмнө
This is what the internet should be all about. Thank you.
Jayze Vo
Jayze Vo Сарын өмнө
"uh .... uh .... uh "
Brat Naylor
Brat Naylor Сарын өмнө
I been at this for weeks and I still can't talk properly, actually it has made me worse,luckily for me I can still type
Elusive Сарын өмнө
Plot twist: he can't actually talk its a voice over
Zeno P
Zeno P Сарын өмнө
전설의 명강의 ㅠ
spymaine89 Сарын өмнө
be concise. dont bore the crap out of people know your subject, care about it, get pissed that others dont NOW GO SPEAK
Gondiu Laurentiu
Gondiu Laurentiu Сарын өмнө
one of greatest speech I heard ever
Anton James
Anton James Сарын өмнө
at 22.56 empathetic
pbandjwrx Сарын өмнө
he thought he was a better skier than an olympian just cause he "thought so" whaaaat....
lemonlimelukey Сарын өмнө
good thing ive long since mastered these, i had to learn the hard way tho lol
Rosset Bespoke Butlers
Rosset Bespoke Butlers Сарын өмнө
This is a brilliant video, the fact you can watch content like this is what I love about MNpost!
Saskia van Houtert
Saskia van Houtert Сарын өмнө
Perhaps a joke can be funny, but to my consideration visualize your working-acts can give a routine in working. and also background music can give a more easy way of working and more comfort. Verbale redenation of your acting can also give structure in your doing. My favourite teacher H.C.L. van Duyhoven at the Graphic Lyceum at Eindhoven in the Netherlands used the Question/Answer teach-methode on sheets. If your learned them out your head, you could get A's. He also use(d) slogans like measurment is knowing. Further can Dalton-education give more result in practice it's like a watch rolling as a circle in to practice, it rolls more stationar. Nice lecture of this teacher, thanks and kind regards.
EdP IV Сарын өмнө
No teachers at MIT could answer how they teach people how to think? That’s fucking scary. I’m a strip club owner and I know how to train my managers how to think.
Stephen Dias
Stephen Dias Сарын өмнө
"Don't start with a joke" Gets everyone to laugh (Yes I understand this is not the beginning of the lecture)
L Lawliet
L Lawliet Сарын өмнө
pls tell at what time is this line?
Stephen Dias
Stephen Dias Сарын өмнө
It's funny because interviews today measure charisma & promise, not application & knowledge
Periscope 007
Periscope 007 Сарын өмнө
and what?
Fernando Luiz de Figueredo
Fernando Luiz de Figueredo Сарын өмнө
Leave the comment section and go back to the video! We only have one language processor
Fatima Mohamed
Fatima Mohamed Сарын өмнө
I needed this! Lol
Catherine O'Connell
Catherine O'Connell Сарын өмнө
Stopped watching when he said no JOKE! Humour is needed.........jokes aside.........
cgirl111 Сарын өмнө
I'd like someone to point out to me exactly where the UCMJ states - sending a soldier into battle without a weapon is a courts martial offense.
rayturnertile Сарын өмнө
This guy fogs you out
priyanka katoch
priyanka katoch Сарын өмнө
With all due respect, it's sooooo hard to finish this talk! The sounds of gulping water, the sounds. Oh! MIT has the best engineers in the world. Can't their techies weed out the unnecessary noise out these lecture recordings. 😰
Joseph Lynn
Joseph Lynn Сарын өмнө
The irony...Prof. Winston speaks while the first wave of COVID-19 tears across the world. Who'd've known the cascade of affect / response / effect that ultimately negates any widespread need for this knowledge...but perhaps not.
yves hickey
yves hickey Сарын өмнө
Mute people after watching this
Sara S
Sara S Сарын өмнө
I felt that 'Can you close your laptop please' in my soul :D
DATABOI - Learn Python for Marketing
DATABOI - Learn Python for Marketing Сарын өмнө
This was amazing! I couldn't turn off my laptop but I did airplane mode my phone.
Ryan and Angela McCullough
Ryan and Angela McCullough Сарын өмнө
So... what about the way he opened the video. Brilliant. Just emerge with a story in a conversational style and let everyone realize that they are missing out on a conversation that is much more interesting that whatever they are doing. Loses no time with stupid introductions and engages his audience.
Daniel Magner
Daniel Magner Сарын өмнө
Start - empowerment promise Cycle ideas three times Build a fence around ideas (eliminate confusion) Verbal punctuation (ask a question) Time (maximum attention) and place - well lite + cased + reasonably populated. Board = graphic property + speed property + target + hands have purpose / not concealed Props = demonstrate ideas + empathetic mirroring Slides = exposing ideas (don't have too many words, don't read, keep simple, no title, eliminate clutter) Face your audience One hepax legoganon Crimes - hands in pocket, not engaging audience. Be inspiring - have passion about what you're talking about.
Johnrap11 Сарын өмнө
Great video. Very informative. What to do if opponent has arms?
Writabrata Mukherjee
Writabrata Mukherjee Сарын өмнө
People before listening to this video: 😶
IteratedGaming Сарын өмнө
eumatthe Сарын өмнө
This was quite fascinating.
Jackson Hall
Jackson Hall Сарын өмнө
I just spent five hours preparing a presentation for my molecular bio course. I guess I need to start over...
Reevee Сарын өмнө
I feel every professor should watch this, especially given the massive switch to eLearning due to the pandemic. Every one of my professors teaches from PowerPoint slides and it's almost impossible for me to keep up with the course.
presto beats
presto beats Сарын өмнө
The spotless texture gratifyingly precede because pressure externally judge mid a assorted ramie. stupid, alleged milk
S1NC3R3 Сарын өмнө
Incredibly vast amount of information that applies to much more than what Winston even mentions in the video. Many of these principle notions/instincts apply to GOOD marketing for many industries, IMO.
Marco Dinacci
Marco Dinacci Сарын өмнө
"Your success in life will be determined largely by your ability to speak, your ability to write, and the quality of your ideas. In that order."
Friedrich Dedos Veloces
Friedrich Dedos Veloces Сарын өмнө
16:01 you're talking about chicago old man hahahah
Yann Kitson
Yann Kitson Сарын өмнө
I enjoyed this lecture and learned a lot, thank you for sharing.
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